The future perfect is composed of two elements

the simple future of the verb “to have” (will have) + the past participle of the main verb


Subject                     + will have                           + past participle of the main verb

He                               will have                                          finished.

I                                   will have                                          finished.





The future perfect tense refers to a completed action in the future. When we use this tense we are projecting ourselves forward into the future and looking back at an action that will be completed sometime later than now. It is most often used with a time expression.



I will have been here for six months on June 23rd.

By the time you read this, I will have left.

You will have finished your report by this time next week.


The short form: ‘ll is very, very common, and is almost always used when speaking. It’s really much more natural to say ‘I’ll’ instead of ‘I will’. Here’s some help with the pronunciation:


  • I’ll meet him later
  • You’ll come
  • It’ll rain tomorrow
  • She’ll be late


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